Web Development Backend Frameworks have gradually become another necessity in modern development, mostly due to the automation and simplification of specific necessary but routine tasks.
Choosing a framework of web development, to a large extent, is motivated by system needs, whether they are integrations with a specific language, intrinsic advantages associated with the use of the framework itself, or pure personal preference of the programmer (By field of knowledge or by the spirit of learning).
So today, we will walk you through 4 popular web development frameworks for 2021.
Best Web Development Backend Frameworks for 2021
Here is the list of popular web development backend frameworks for 2021:
- .NET Core
1. .NET Core (Web Development Backend Framework)
This Microsoft framework stands out for being an open-source multiplatform solution that allows, among other things, the development of modern cloud-based web applications.
Initially, the .NET core emerged as a complete redesign of the Microsoft ASP.NET platform. But it has ended up being a much more robust successor and widely used by a big number of companies.
.Net Backend Framework Advantages
- Improved performance – Undoubtedly, the best benefit of .NET that distinguishes it from its predecessor is an improvement in its general performance. With an internal code optimization system that compiles, it always adapting to the capabilities and characteristics of the machine.
- It is highly portable – This framework has been designed with the ability in mind not only to be able to be easily executed on Apache, Ngingx, and on different operating systems but also to be able to transition between them when necessary without having to make costly adaptations between different environments.
- Supports huge types of applications – .NET Core is designed and intended to support different applications, whether they could be desktop, web, cloud-based, or even IoT. In this way, depending on the type of project, we will have different suites of tools exclusively oriented to the area that we have selected.
2. Laravel (PHP Framework)
Many developers when they hear about PHP shake, perhaps due to the unpredictable and changing state in which the language was up to its 5.X versions. However, PHP 7 brought a lot of improvements to the ecosystem and made possible, among other things, the development of mature and efficient frameworks like Laravel.
Laravel is currently ranked as the best-rated PHP framework on Github, with more than 60,000 stars.
Laravel Web Development Framework Benefits
- Direct integration with email services – Laravel brings an API based on the popular SwiftMailer library already configured and ready to be used. It also provides different drivers for the integration of SMTP, Amazon, or other messaging and notification services, which allows creating and generate emails quickly and easily.
- Vulnerability Protection – Laravel, by default, performs extra security checks to avoid common vulnerabilities like CSRF injections, SQL injections, and others. Making the tedious task of securing our website somewhat easier.
- Excellent task scheduler – If you have had to lift tasks using cron or the windows task scheduler you will appreciate this functionality. Laravel has an internal tool for generating and scheduling system tasks that allows managing them all from the same place, making the machine administration a little less opaque and the backend more portable.
- Powerful template engine – Another feature of Laravel is its powerful template engine similar to React and Vue’s JSX or Angular views. This engine significantly simplifies the creation of various views for Laravel, including the writing of emails, and allows you to inject the variables you want into them at compilation time and the server level.
3. Spring (Web Development Framework)
Spring is a model-view-controller framework based entirely on Java, one of the most popular languages currently at the development level, both in web, desktop, and Android mobile technology.
This framework is characterized by its robustness and by its parallel projects specialized above all in different branches of professional business development, although its complexity can put back a large number of developers.
Benefits of Spring Backend Framework
- Spring Framework favors the best practices – For example, encouraging and including the use of interfaces instead of classes and the pure modeling of entities using POJOs.
- It is self-contained and self – running – Spring is self-contained in a lightweight container that can be activated with an embedded server or externally from a web server of our choice.
- It is highly modular – Spring is an ecosystem in itself, and starting from the base project (Spring Core) it is possible to add additional modules that solve common business problems, such as securing (With Spring Security) or consulting and modifying our data (Spring JDBC).
- Some generators can create base projects quickly – For example, the use of JHipster allows us to create projects rapidly by simply generating a simple diagram of our entities and their relationships, including other cutting-edge technologies such as liquibase.
4. Express Framework
Express is one of the popular frameworks for web development. The express framework is very well-known for its remarkable speed in web development projects.
Benefits of Express Framework
- It’s light and fast – With no convoluted options or confusing settings, it is possible to write a functional express web application in just a few minutes, and with minimal download and installation beyond having Node on our system.
- You have no opinion – Unlike other frameworks, Express only offers some tools to obtain results. But it does not force us to follow any specific workflow to develop our web applications. That is an advantage for more experienced programmers, although it may be inconvenient for most amateurs.
Future of Backend Frameworks
Before analyzing the possible future of backend frameworks we need a data source from which we can draw a series of solid conclusions, for this we will resort to the popularity statistics of Stack Overflow, in which we will compare the monthly percentage of questions of each framework on the platform for .NET core, Laravel, Express, Spring and Spring Boot (An improved version of the base project).
As we can see, Spring is the oldest contender on our list, and also the most mature ecosystem. So we can see how its popularity has been growing and continues to grow in its heir version of Spring Boot. Although without a doubt the most significant thing is the rapid growth of Laravel, since its departure with the introduction of PHP 7, since it was one of the first frameworks to include in a very complete way the new features that the latest version of the language provided ( Like the introduction of the very required namespaces).
In the case of .NET and Express, we see that their growth has not been so good. However, their current situation is robust in a business environment and more informal respectively; and the teams of both frameworks work continuously to maintain both products.
In conclusion, taking the fall out of Spring on Spring Boot, it seems that these frameworks will continue to boom in the world of backend development, but who knows, new contenders are always possible.